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论文中怎样引用参考文献(英语论文参考文献引用位置正解)

PaperPass论文检测网 2022-11-04

一、当文内引用采用姓名和年份的方式,则以时间顺序在文内列出多个文献,再以字母顺序在文后列出这些文献。

当文内引用采用文献号,则以数字顺序在文内和文后列出文献。

二、不同的期刊因其风格差异可能有不同的引用规则。

例如,目标期刊采用APA格式,"et al."只在文章有六个或六个以上作者时才在文内使用。因此,一定要仔细查看目标期刊的作者须知和已发表的论文。

三、如果在文内引用会议摘要、会议论文集、个人通信或未发表的数据,应当以括号注明出版状态。

四、文献可以各种方式置于文中,但是必须具体有意义。

大体来说,根据想强调的内容,文献可在引用的内容或作者姓名之后出现。例如:

1)Starfishfertilization is species specific (17).

2)Peterson (17) reported that starfishfertilization is species specific.

五、不要将文献放置在某项内容的中间或某项研究的概括信息之后。

例如:In a current study (16), proteins expressed by the Epstein-Barr virus have beenclassified into three general groups according to their kinetics and synthesisrequirements.

应修改为:In a current study, proteins expressed bythe Epstein-Barr virus have been classified into three general groups accordingto their kinetics and synthesis requirements (16).

六、文献并不一定要放置在句尾。为区分作者的研究和他人的研究,应将文献放在相应的研究成果后面,而不是整个研究后面。

例如:The Mo+PyF101 M-MuLV used in this study was obtained from the supernatantof the 25-3 cell line confluently infected with the virus (3).

应修改为:TheMo+PyF101 M-MuLY(3) used in this study was obtained from the supernatantof the 25-3 cell line confluently infected with the virus.

七、此外,一个句子中不同内容点的文献需要放在适当的位置,而不是将所有文献一同放在句尾。

例如:Two methods of tailoring the adhesion properties of thermoset stamps exist:One approach is plasma-deposited fluorinated film and coating with aself-assembled monolayer (SAM) of fluoroalkyltrichlorosilane; the otherapproach is using C4F8 as a feed gas to deposit Teflon-like antisticking layerand form the SAM layer from the gas phase (3, 4).

应修改为:Two methods oftailoring the adhesion properties ofthermoset stamps exist: One approach isplasma-deposited fluorinated film and coating with a self-assembled monolayer(SAM) of fluoroalkyltrichlorosilane(3); the other approach is using C4F8 as afeed gas to deposit Teflon-like antisticking layers and form the SAM layer fromthe gas phase (4).

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